Languages

Data from G:CotHW

Overall note: Real Life medieval mercenaries spoke a smattering of every language they came across. Not much, but enough to get by. I'm assuming that the same applies in Glorantha, and with the addition of Tradetalk, communication is only a problem between different species, and when it's interesting for the plot.

I've got to 3 proposals to play languages
1. We don't care
2. We use one or several vehicular language, like a mercenary lingua franca, trade tongue, imperial pidgin or even new-pelorian
3. We play languages with a quite RQ simulationist spirit, where:
- A character speak a native tongue and all associate language with an improvisation penalty depending on the distance between the native tongue and the linked language
Language similitude 100% 50% 33% 20% 10% 0%
Improvisation Penalty (+0) Same language (-3) Nearly the same language (e.g.: Portuguese & Brazilian, British & American) (-5) Closely linked language (e.g.: Spanish & French, German &
English) (-10) Fairly related language (e.g.: European languages) (-15) Slightly linked language (e.g.: Aryan languages) (No improvisation possible) no link at all (e.g.: Chinese & Latin)

Each time, a character knows an other associated language (similitude above 10%) associated with the targeted language, the improvisation penalty diminishes from one category.

GM suggestion, subject to approval of all players: all of the above. Because they all give the same result, it's just a question of how much detail we want to go into.

There will be times when it is fun to meet someone/thing whose only language(s) are unknown to the PCs. Those times will be rare. At the moment, two PCs (Egil and Graylor) plus most of the NPCs speak Sartarite/New Pavic as their first language. This is represented by English. Abul speaks it as one of his many "other" languages with Carmanian being his first language: by a happy coincidence, his player also speaks English as a second language rather than first so any mistakes can be both PC and player, and this will work perfectly. (If Abul starts talking French, I'll assume that's Carmanian).

Incidentally, I also use Latin to represent New Pelorian (because we all know a little, and the Lunar/Roman parallel is very obvious). Should we ever have a reason to use Stormspeech or Earthspeech, I'll be using Welsh and Old English respectively. Firespeech would probably be Ancient Greek if I knew any (which I don't).

DarkTongue

SwordSpeech

Sun County languages

Glorantha: Hunshen
One language per greater Animal Spirit

Genertela: Pelorian
Spoken by the peoples of the Pelorian lowlands (pelandan dialects are: Arirae, Oronini, Spolite...)
Spoken Balazaring Dara Happan Jarsti New Pelorian Pelandan Dialects
Balazaring 100% 10% 10% 10% 10%
Dara Happan 10% 100% 10% 20% 20%
Jarsti 10% 10% 100% 10% 10%
New Pelorian 10% 20% 10% 100% 20%
Pelandan Dialects 10% 20% 10% 20% 100%/33%


Genertela: Pentian dialects
Each pentian dialect has a 50% base for the other dialects including: Char-Un and Grazelander

Genertela: Praxian
Spoken by praxian tribes in Prax and the Sable tribe on the Hunger Plateau

Genertela: Teshnan
Spoken High Teshnan Melib Trowjang
High Teshnan 100% 33% 33%
Melib 33% 100% 33%
Trowjang 33% 33% 100%


Glorantha: Theyalan
Fronelan dialects are: TBD
Pelorian dialects are: Sylilan languages (Dara-Ni, Lakreni, Rist, Talastari), Doblian (Anadikki), Brolian, Alakoringite...
Ralian dialects are: TBD
Umathelan dialects are: TBD
Manirian dialects are: Sartarite, Esrolian, Caladran, Ditali, Solanthi

Spoken Fronelan dialects Pelorian dialects Ralian dialects Umathelan dialects Manirian dialects
Fronelan dialects 100%/33% 10% 10% 10% 10%
Pelorian dialects 10% 100%/33% 10% 10% 10%
Ralian dialects 10% 10% 100%/33% 10% 10%
Umathelan dialects 10% 10% 10% 100%/33% 10%
Manirian dialects 10% 10% 10% 10% 100%/33%


Glorantha: Vithelian
Spoken by the eastern inhabitant of Glorantha
Spoken Vormain Kralori Stultani Tanyan dialects
Vormain 100% 10% 10% 20%
Kralori 10% 100% 10% 10%
Stultani 10% 10% 100% 10%
Tanyan dialects 20% 10% 10% 100%/50%


Genertela: West
Spoken by the western inhabitant of Glorantha
Spoken Brithini Carmanian Loskalmi Ralian Seshnegi Vadeli
Brithini 100% 20% 33% 20% 33% 20%
Carmanian 20% 100% 50% 20% 20% 20%
Loskalmi 33% 50% 100% 20% 20% 20%
Ralian 20% 20% 20% 100% 50% 20%
Seshnegi 33% 20% 20% 50% 100% 20%
Vadeli 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 100%


Glorantha: Non-human
Spoken by the non-human races with local variations
I have made some slight changes, like introduction of non-human dialects and links between Alrdyami and Murthoi.
Spoken Aldryami dialect Auld Wyrmish Baboon Cetoi dialects Dark Tongue dialects Dwerulan Fire Speech Jelmre Virgin Stone Mostali Murthoi dialects Sea speech Shadow speech Slarge Storm Speech Triolini dialects Voralan Vorlarian dialects
Aldryami dialect 100%/50% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 10% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 10%
Auld Wyrmish 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Baboon 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Cetoi dialects 0% 0% 0% 100%/50% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 20% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dark Tongue dialects 0% 0% 0% 0% 100%/50% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 20% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dwerulan 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Fire Speech 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Jelmre 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Virgin Stone 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Mostali 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Murthoi dialects 10% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100%/50% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Sea speech 0% 0% 0% 20% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 20% 0% 0%
Shadow speech 0% 0% 0% 0% 20% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Slarge 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Storm Speech 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0%
Triolini dialects 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 20% 0% 0% 0% 100%/50% 0% 0%
Voralan 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 0%
Vorlarian dialects 10% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100%/50%


Pamaltela: Arbenian
Spoken by the agimori
Spoken Doraddik Kresh Arbenian Tarint
Doraddik 100% 33% 33% 20%
Kresh 33% 100% 20% 10%
Arbenian 33% 20% 100 33%
Tarint 20% 10% 33% 100%


Pamaltela: Artmali
Spoken only blue veldang in Zamokil

Pamaltela: Maslo
Spoken by the peoples of the elf coast
Spoken Elamlanni dialects Kimotan Kumankan Onlaksan Thinokan
Elamlanni dialects 100%/50% 10% 10% 33% 10%
Kimotan 10% 100% 10% 10% 10%
Kumankan 10% 10% 100% 10% 10%
Onlaksan 33% 10% 10% 100% 10%
Thinokan10% 10% 10% 10% 10% 100%


Pamaltela: Fonrit
Spoken by the peoples of the Fonrit peninsula
Spoken Afadjanni Bananban Kareeshtan Mondoran
Afadjanni 100% 20% 20% 10%
Bananban 20% 100% 20% 10%
Kareeshtan 20% 20% 100% 10%
Mondoran 10% 10% 10% 100%


Prime Elemental Languages
Sacred divine languages
Not in G:CotHW, but mentioned everywhere
Spoken Darkness Speech Dark Tongue dialects Shadow speech Sea speech Cetoi dialect Triolini dialect Earth Speech Esrolian Fire Speech Dara Happan Storm Speech all theyalan languages
Darkness Speech 100% 20% 20% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dark Tongue dialects 20% 100%/50% 20% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Shadow speech 20% 20% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Sea speech 0% 0% 0% 100% 20% 20% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Cetoi dialect 0% 0% 0% 20% 100%/0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Triolini dialect 0% 0% 0% 20% 0% 100%/50% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Earth Speech 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 10% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Esrolian 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 10% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Fire Speech 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 20% 0% 0%
Dara Happan 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 20% 100% 0% 0%
Storm Speech 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 10%
all theyalan languages 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 10% variable


Mixed Languages
The alphabet (for written languages) and the grammar are aligned on the language family but some vocabulary exchanges have occurred
Not in G:CotHW, but logical
Western Reaches:
Spoken Carmanian (Jhorite) Pelandan (Oronin) Dara Happan Spolite Yolp Dark Tongue Bindle Sea speech Worian Brolia
Carmanian (Jhorite) 100% 20% 10% 20% 0% 10% 0% 50% 0%
Pelandan (Oronin) 20% 100% 10% 50% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Dara Happan 10% 10% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Spolite 20% 50% 0% 100% 10% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Yolp Dark Tongue 0% 0% 0% 10% 100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Bindle 10% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 10% 0% 0%
Sea speech 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 10% 100% 0% 0%
Worian 50% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 100% 10%
Brolia 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 10% 100%


Lunar Empire:

Pavis:

Maniria:

Ralios:
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